Applications of the Technology
Application of the HRC Technology are directed to the heat transfer market where hot water and/or steam is required, such as institutional and commercial applications i.e. schools, hotels, apartment buildings, large retail outlets, food manufacturers etc.
Our customers are new commercial developments and the replacement boilers market where existing systems require extensive upgrades to comply with emerging environmental requirements and or provide attractive cost savings opportunities.
- Future and subsequent markets for the technology include the Gasification and pyrolysis of biomass for the production of syngas and bio-oil.
- HRC driven thermo-acoustic refrigeration system, for the capture and storage of CO2. (Our design drawings are well advanced.)
- New applications and markets will emerge from this technology.
Heat Transfer Markets
Burner and combustion systems are used worldwide for numerous commercial, industrial, residential and specialty heat transfer applications. We have identified sections of the market suitable for HRC Technology.
Steam and Hot Water:
In these applications heat generated by a burner unit is used to either heat water in an unpressurised heating system, or to heat water to create steam or pressurised hot water in a pressurised system. Hot water is used in many residential, commercial and industrial situations, including hospitals, laundries, abattoirs, many industrial plants, schools, homes, apartment buildings, hotels, office buildings, restaurants, stores, car washes, warehouses, boats/ships and so forth. Steam or pressurised hot water is also used for these commercial or industrial applications, including cooking and frying and in both direct applications such as steam cleaning and indirect applications where steam is used to heat water or run a steam turbine in order to generate electricity.
In these applications heat generated by the system is used to heat airspace in residential, commercial and industrial settings; this applies more to the northern European and American markets but may also have applications in some states of Australia.
Is a method of producing a dry powder from a liquid or slurry by rapidly drying with a hot gas. Pulse Combustion drying can handle higher viscosities and solids loading than a spray dryer, and can sometimes gives a freeze-dry quality powder that is free-flowing The list of materials successfully tested with pulse combustion drying extends from in organics (e.g., kaolin, metal oxides, calcium carbonate) through food and agriculture products (e.g., starch, vegetables, eggs) to heat sensitive biomaterials such as antibiotics, vitamins, biopesticides and the like.
“One-of-a-Kind” Industrial Projects:
Application of the technology, best described as a “one-of-a-kind” which requires custom engineering or fabrication, such as retrofitting of power generation plants and new power plants.
Pollution Control Equipment:
In such applications the technology can be used as a secondary pollution control device to “reburn” industrial flue gases (with high levels of CO) generated by primary industrial processes to remove the carbon pollutants contained in these exhaust gases. Typical industrial processes such as manufacturing facilities, power plants, chemical plants, and refineries, meat processing facilities, paper mills and so forth, require pollution control equipment. Replacement of their existing polluting boilers system with our new technology should be advised as being the preferred option.
We have also identified other sections of the market, with similar worldwide potential:
Commercial Drying Applications
such as grain: Textiles biosolids chemicals & minerals, studies have shown that the Thermo-acoustic wave associated with pulse combustion, when applied to drying applications, provides a 20% advantage over conventional drying technologies due to the acoustic signal’s physical manipulation of the drying environment. This 20% advantage, when added to the 94%+ heat output efficiency of technology, can offer the highest levels of overall system efficiency. We believe that this will translate into substantial fuel savings in large industrial drying applications.
Production of Hydrogen and/or Syngas Gas:
The various steam and catalytic reforming processes to generate Hydrogen gas from methane gas and ethanol in biomass gasification require large amounts of thermal energy, we therefore believe that our technology is ideally suited the produce emission- free hydrogen gas or high quality syngas with near zero emissions.
Sequestration of CO2 in Post Combustion Process:
The post combustion capture occurs when CO2 is removed from the flue gas of power station boilers and heating furnaces. The best proven technique to separate the CO2 from flue gas, to date, is to scrub it with mono-ethanol amine (MEA) solution. The MEA from the scrubber is heated with steam to release high purity CO2. The CO2 free amine is re-circulated to the scrubbers; we believe that with our clean emissions technology we are in a unique position to supply the additional heat energy required for the steam and heat processes, without additional pollution.
Thermo-Acoustic Refrigeration: (CTA to PUTAR)
We are well advanced with a different approach to the above, for the cleanup of combustion emissions. The design works as a HRC driven refrigeration process. This process is for removal of CO2 from existing power station boilers; this new technology enables a very compact efficient “engine”. In this process; H2O, SO2 N2O and NO components are condensed out and separated. CO2 is collected as a solid and pressurised into a liquid phase for a sequestration process.